The readings weren’t so easy.
I don’t think I got much from the Apology.
All I understand is that, in the first part, Socrates tries to defend himself from his accusers. However, at some point in his argument, it almost sounded as if he was pleading guilty. The the end, the jury charged him guilty.
In the second part, he suggests what sentence is appropriate for him and why other penalties, such as imprisonment and exile, wouldn’t work for him. His words didn’t work with the jury, yet again, for he was sentenced to death.
In the final, say, chapter, he was commenting on his sentence. The uncertainty of what comes after death, whether it be a dreamless slumber or it be another life, seems to appease his soul as he concludes with,
The hour of departure has arrived, and we go our ways – I to die, and you to live. Which is better God only knows.
As for the Allegory of the Cave, I am absolutely hopeless about it. Simply put, I don’t understand it. It’s something to do about the wisdom of the people who lived in darkness and the people who have seen the light all through their lives. Shadows, light, colors… I don’t know.
Well, Voltaire’s Story of the Good Brahmin wasn’t as difficult. But that is only if I truly understood it. Something about happiness and wisdom.
By all those things which only come from the surface, am I already supposed to gain an understanding of the attitudes of Socrates and Voltaire about philosophy?